The County Court Order books in Prince Edward County, Virginia, are a wealth of information. They are largely unindexed and unpublished, but a number of years ago, we read all of the order books from 1754 to the 1830s looking for Thackston / Thaxton -related references. We’ll post our notes in sequential order, starting with Books 1-3, 1754-1767. (Book 4 1767-1770 is here.)
County Court Orders, Book 1
p. 6a. May 1754 – James Thaxton served on grand jury.
p. 7. May 1754 – James Thackston was named as a garnishee – he had obtained a cow of Edward Brathwaite to satisfy an attachment of Hugh Challes. Charles Anderson has a judgment against Brathwaite.
p. 15a. August 1754 – James Thaxton served on a jury.
p. 23. November 1754 – James Thaxton served on a grand jury.
p. 32a. March 1755 – James Thaxton served on a jury.
p. 61a. September 1755 – James Thackston served on a grand jury.
p. 89. July 1756 – “On the motion of James Thaxston his Mark is ordered to be recorded as follows a swallow fork in the right ear and under Heal in the left.”
p. 101. November 1756 – “To James Thackston for work as by Acct – L1.2.0.”
p. 111. May 1757 – James Thackston served on a grand jury.
p. 135a. November 1757 – James Thaxton, John Martin, Peter LeGrand and James Wimbish ordered to appraise estate of David Flourney decd.
p. 9. April 1759 – John Bonds v. James Thackston. Case continued.
p. 17. May 1759 – John Bonds v. James Thackstone. James Thackstone pleads that John Bonds did not perform his work according to agreement. Trial continued until next court.
p. 23. June 1759 – John Bonds v. James Thackston. Judgment for plaintiff (Bonds): six pounds 15 shillings. Charles Womack, witness for James Thackston, to receive 160 pounds of Nett tob’o for attendance 1 day and travelling 45 miles.
p. 33. September 1759 – Robert Hastie v. Joseph Street, in debt. James Thackston, John LeNeve, Peter Rawlins, John Bostick, Peter LeGrand and Edward McGehee acted as bondsmen for the defendant.
p. 52. March 1760 – “Challes ads [defendant against] Thackston ordered that Deposition issue to examine Mrs. Wimbish.”
p. 63. July 1760 – James Thackston v. Hugh Challes. Case continued by consent.
p. 68. September 1760 – James Thackston against Hugh Challes. Hugh Challes pleads not guilty; “he puts himself upon the country and the Plaintiff likewise.” Trial to be held next court.
p. 74. November 1760 – James Thackston v. Hugh Challes. Judgment for plaintiff (Thackston): 5 pounds damages and costs. James Thackston’s witnesses, Philemon Holcomb, Peter LeGrand & John LaNeve, received 50 pounds of Nett tobacco each for 2 days’ attendance.
p. 83. April 1761 – Will of James Archdacon exhibited by named executors Edmund Archdacon and James Thaxton. James Thaxton renounced his right to serve as executor; he served as security for Edmund Archdacon.
p. 94. June 1761 – Archd Buchanan, Jno Bowman & Co. v. Abel Thackston. The defendant not being arrested alias capias issued against Abel Thackston.
p. 101. July 1761 – Buchanan & Co. v. Abel Thackston. The defendant not being arrested alias capias issued against Abel Thackston.
p. 107. September 1761 – Buchanon Bowman & Co. v. Abel Thackston. Theodrick Carter was bail bondsman for Abel Thackston. Judgment for plaintiff: L5..14..8.
p. 122. December 1761 – “Ordered that John Martin and James Thackston view the prison, and report to next court.”
p. 123. January 1762 – Jno Martin and James Thackston report that the prison is well done.
p. 141. March 1762 – Messrs. Collin Dunlop Robert Christie & Co. v. John Thackston. “The Sherif having attached one pewter spoon of the Def” . . . Judgment for plaintiff: Six pounds nine shillings, but the debt is to be discharged by payment of 3 pounds, 4 shillings and 6 pence.
p. 154. April 1762 – “A Deed from Charles and Francis Gilliam to Abel Thackston was acknowledged by the sd Charles Gilliam one of the parties thereto.”
p. 155. April 1762 – Ordered that William Price, James Thackston, Charles and John Richie to value the Improvements on one hundred and fifty six acres of land in this county for John Bibb and report to next Court.
p. 157. May 1762 – “The Improvements on 156 acres of land belonging to John Bibb was valued as follow 33 head of cattle to L33 [33 pounds] one Mare & Colt to L7 by James Thaxton, Jno & Chs Richie pursuant to a former order of this Court.”
p. 158. May 1762 – James Thaxton on grand jury.
p. 163. May 1762 – James Thaxton agt. John Cooke jr and Charles Yancey. Plts. Judgment for L2 & costs.
p. 164. June 1762 – “Hugh Rose made oath to the following accounts due Robt Hastie & Co. . . . Abel Thaxton . . . – L3..3..6.” Others owing were Richard Bond, Wm Ewing, John Holloway, Jr., and Tho Caldwell.
p. 169. June 1762 – Robert Hastie & Co. agt Abel Thaxton. Judgment for L3..3..6 and costs. Other accounts due the plaintiff: Richard Bond, William Ewing, John Holloway jr., Tho Caldwell.
p. 177. August 1762 – “Abraham Venable Capt., James Thaxton Lieutenant, Saml Arbuckle Ensign took the usual oaths to his Majestie’s Person and Government and repeated & subscribed the test.”
p. 179. August 1762 – “James Thaxton jr agt Freeman Lewelling. Pet. Judgment for L1.15 & Costs.”
p. 180. September 1762 – “Chloe a negro Girl slave belonging to James Thackston is adjudged to [sic] Eight year’s old.”
p. 198. November 1762 – James Thackston served on grand jury.
p. 213. February 1763 – James Thackston served on a jury.
p. 220. March 1763 – The suit by Matthew Turpin and his wife against Abel Thackston is continued at the defendant’s costs.
Ordered that Turpin pay Matthew Turpin 175 Tob for his attendance one day & once Travelling 50 miles as a witness for him agt Thackston, also to pay Michael Turpin 25 Tob’o for his attendance one day as a witness in the same suit.
p. 229. May 1763 – James Thackston served on grand jury.
p. 233. May 1763 – Matthew Turpin and Ann his wife agt Abel Thackston. Judgment: Defendant is guilty; seven pounds damages.
p. 234. May 1763 – James Thackston Senr v. Joseph Nunn. Sheriff attached one spoon. Defendant didn’t appear; judgment for plaintiff for L13.10.0. Judgment to be satisfied by payment of L6.15 & interest.
Ordered that Abell Thackston pay Dunistan Coleman 80 pounds Tob’o for his attendance two day’s & travelling 10 miles once as a witness for him at suit Matthew Turpin and his wife.
p. 240. June 1763 – James Thackston comes into acourt and acknowledges that he have given Chloe a negro girl now in his possession to his daughter Frances Thackston which at this request is ordered to be recorded.
p. 244. July 1763 – James Thackston served on a jury.
p. 248. August 1763 – A deed of Gift from James Thackston Senr to James Thackston jr was acknowledged by the first named James. ORdered that the same be recorded.
p. 288. April 1764 – James Thaxton served on a jury.
p. 81. October 1765 – James Thackston served on a jury.
p. 83. October 1765 – James Thaxton served on a jury in the case of John Crockett by William Crockett (his father and next friend) v. William Simmons.
p. 86. December 1765 – The court orders payment to, among others (county officials, etc.), James Thackston: L1..00.0.
p. 103. August 1766 – James Thaxton served on a jury, Thomas Guille & Co. v. James Walker.
p. 123. December 1766 – On the motion of Thomas Scott Gent guardian to Elizabeth Elbank ordered that Peter Legrand Nathaniel Venable and Philemon Holcomb Gent do divide the Estate of Daniel Elebank deceased among the various children and return such division & allotment to court.
p. 140. February 1767 – Christopher Billups v. James Thackston. Judgment for plaintiff. Billups was ordered to pay his witnesses, Baker Degraffenreidt, one day & 14 miles, Joseph Owen, one day & 30 miles, and Matthew Cayle, one day & 16 miles.